Punjab brick kilns shifting to cleaner technology
In a move to check air pollution, the Punjab Cabinet on Wednesday approved a draft action plan by the Punjab State Council for Science and Technology for conversion of natural draft brick kilns to induced draft brick kilns with rectangular shape and zigzag brick setting.
The brick kilns have been given time till September 30 to opt for the conversion, an official statement said.
The decision, taken at a Cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, is in line with the directions of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) regarding prevention and control of air pollution in cities and towns.
The draft plan had been proposed to regulate the process of conversion of brick kilns to induced draft technology with zigzag setting under Section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986.
As per the plan, brick kilns in the process of conversion to induced draft technology are required to pay an environmental compensation on the basis of the "polluter pays principle" to the Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) with effect from February 1, till the adoption of induced draft technology.
The compensation has been set at Rs 25,000 per month for kiln with zigzag setting of capacity over 30,000 bricks per day, and Rs 20,000 per month for kiln of capacity less than 30,000 bricks per day.
The Department of Science and Technology, through the Punjab State Council for Science and Technology, would provide necessary technical assistance for implementation of the action plan.
As per the current status of conversion of brick kilns in the state, 482 brick kilns have already converted to the new technology and 559 are in the pipeline for shifting to induced draft technology.
Around 2,800 brick kilns are operating in Punjab, producing around 15-20 billion bricks per annum.
This constitutes about eight per cent of total production of the country and the brick kiln industry employs about 0.5-0.6 million workers.