Women use folk songs to create awareness on property rights in tribal Kinnaur
It's 8 in the morning and a group of women is ready to trudge miles of rugged, cold and inhospitable Himalayan terrain to spearhead a campaign -- educating tribal women of Kinnaur district in Himachal Pradesh about their rights to inherit ancestral property.
With traditional folk songs on their lips, the members of the Mahila Kalyan Parishad, a women's rights group based in the district, go from village to village to create a mass movement against the patriarchal laws that bar them from inheriting property.
Tribal laws in Kinnaur do not allow women to inherit property, but a movement has been launched to get them their rights
"We are daily visiting one village where the women - old and young - have been motivated to stand up and raise their voice against the laws that deprive them from inheriting property," says 59-year-old social activist Rattan Manjari, chairperson of the Mahila Kalyan Parishad.
She said a signature campaign has been launched in the district, demanding amendment to the customary laws.
The tribal laws, prevalent only in Kinnaur, do not give women the right to inherit the property of their parents or husband. Only men have the right to inherit ancestral property. Even the wife has no right on her husband's assets, which are directly transferred to the sons.
"If parents will ancestral property to their girl child, then she would be entitled for its claim. But if the parents don't do it, then she can't claim the property even legally," Manjari said.
She said sensitisation drives have been held in the Pooh and Nichar blocks and now it's on in Kalpa block.
Another social activist, Reeta Bhaguna, said the women groups and members of the panchayats based in the Pooh and Nichar blocks are busy in the signature campaign.
The Mahila Kalyan Parishad aims to cover all the 77 revenue villages and tiny hamlets.
Bhaguna said sometimes they have to trudge 10 to 20 km to reach a village. There are 15 to 20 isolated hamlets in the district with approximately 1,000 residents where it takes a full day to reach on foot.
"Sometimes we spend a chilly night at the village," she added.
Manjari, who launched a campaign with a handful of dedicated peers more than a decade ago, said lack of literacy in the district interiors is hampering empowering of women.
Now, her Mahila Kalyan Parishad has the support of 130 Mahila Mandals.
"Before forcing the government to change or amend the laws, we have to change the mindset of women. The condition of widows deserted and spinsters is very deplorable. They are simply at the mercy of their families. Most of them have been abandoned," she said.
"Of course, opposition from men is obvious. But some of them are supporting the cause also," she adds.
However, Manjari, a prominent apple grower from the picturesque Ribba village, some 250 km from state capital Shimla, is an exceptional case. Her mother bequeathed to her the entire agricultural land despite Manjari having a brother.
Manjari has stood up for the cause of the tribal women and has been leading the campaign for more than a decade now
"If this is possible in my case, why is it not possible in the case of other women?" she asked.
She said a draft demanding amendments to prevailing laws would be prepared once the sensitisation and signature drives are over.
"The draft after getting nod from all the 65 panchayats would be sent to Governor Urmila Singh and President Pratibha Patil for necessary amendments," Manjari said.
Urmila Singh, who was apprised about the laws by the Mahila Kalyan Parishad members, lent support to their cause.
A provisional Census for 2011 shows the sex ratio in Kinnaur has gone down to 818 females per thousand males from 857 in 2001 -- the lowest in the state.
However, the literacy rate in the district is 80.77 percent -- 88.37 for males and 71.34 for females - for a population of 84,298. - IANS